Indian civilization is one of the oldest civilization in the world and Ayurveda is as old as its civilisation. Today there are various medical methods prevalent in the world, among which allopathy is the most popular, other popular medical streams are Homeopathy, Unani, Chinese, Ayurveda etc, each with their own merits and demerits. Ayurveda is having a peculiar quality of natural healing system with its basic principle to eliminate the physical disease from root.
If we go back into the history of Ayurveda, it is evident that it has been in practice since 6000 BC. Basically, it is a botanical based medical system using roots, leaves, blisters and seeds, the same was also discussed in “Atharvaveda”. It is also mentioned in the Vedic tradition of Upveeda. It is said that such knowledge was received directly from Brahma to Adipurush Dhanvantari who also known as father of Ayurveda.
Prominent the texts related to Ayurveda are Charaka Samhita, Sushruta Samhita, and Bhedan Samhita, apart from Vagamat’s Ashtanganidashtu (eighth century), Madhava-composed Pritya Ratnamala (ninth century), Ravi Gupt’s SihannaNidshtu (ninth century), Dravyavali (tenth century) ), And the Chakrapani Dutta collection of matter (11th century) is also an important book related to Ayurveda system of medicine.
The development of Ayurveda was at its peak in the Vedic period, even in Buddhist and Jain times this method flourished uninterruptedly. In the great epic Mahabharata, Chikitsyaashtangayam Ashtanga means – medical treatment, surgery were mentioned. Antitumor system (treatment of epidemics as well as purification of toxic substances in animals, flora, and minerals), chemical system (infusion), life enhancer (intelligence and force), and rationalization system (semen enhancement and sexual pleasure, also sterility).
Ayurveda flourished in parallel with Buddhist and Jainism in the first mid-millennium BCE, along with Sankhya and Vaiseshika philosophy.
Ayurveda is not just a medicine based on medicine and herbs, but in prehistoric times, there has been a presence of surgery in it. The use of plastic surgery to remove the plateau from the liver, and reconstitution of the nose has been ancient achievements. Similarly in Ayurveda, alkali mutra surgery in anal diseases (hemorrhoids, Bhagandar etc.) has no break with the modern system of medicine.
There is a mention of complex surgical operations, this treatment system, developed long before the civilization of Sindhughati, is a panacea treatment system capable of treating all kinds of diseases in the form of the divine method. However, modern medicine has not been successful even after many attempts to prove it to be quack and unscientific.